Why were so many women dying at this one hospital?

In 1846, Vienna had one hospital, but the hospital had two maternity clinics. The procedures in both clinics were the same, yet one in ten of the women admitted into one of the clinics didn’t come out. She died.

Word got out. Because the hospital had a practice of admitting women on alternate days, women would beg not to be admitted to the one clinic with the infamous reputation. Most of these women were prostitutes and poor, and many of them chose to give birth in the street rather than risk their lives in the clinic.

Interesting thing. Even the women giving birth in the middle of the street had a better mortality rate than those going into the maternity clinic.

SemmelweisEnter Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis . He had recently become the 19th-century version of a chief resident at this hospital.  Women were dying in his hospital of puerperal fever, and he wanted to know why.

The good clinic was staffed by midwives. The clinic with the bad reputation was run by medical students. Both clinics followed the exact same procedures, but Semmelweis found one difference.

Warning: it’s kinda gross.

When the medical students weren’t delivering babies, they were studying. And studying meant studying the human body. In other words, they were up to their elbows in corpses .Get the picture? There’s the budding wannabe doctor with his hands in some cadaver’s insides when he gets the call to go deliver a baby. So he rushes off.

Without washing his hands.

We can’t fathom that today. In our culture of hand sanitizer bottles in our cars and purses, we can’t imagine not washing our hands. Even Waffle House expects their employees to wash their hands before slinging hashbrowns.

But this was the 1840s. No one even remotely connected germs and disease with what might be on our hands. Until Dr. Semmelweis made the connection. So he instructed the medical students to wash up before entering the delivery room.

No surprise. The death rate of the mothers went down. Way down. Dr. Semmelweis published his findings with the simple conclusion that doctors should wash their hands. And the medical profession stood up with one voice—and laughed at him.

Such a simple idea, but doctors thought it was nuts.  And they thought Semmelweis was nuts for suggesting it.

What’s worse, they eventually drove Semmelweis nuts. Dr. Semmelweis battled with his own peers in the medical profession for years. The struggle took its toll, and he was admitted into an insane asylum. He died 14 days later.

Too bad Dr. Semmelweis was locked away and never heard what happened. On August 12, 1865, one day before Semmelweis died, Dr. Jospeh Lister in Britain took Semmelweis seriously and began using antiseptic practices in the operating room. Lister proved Semmelweis right, and death from post-operation infections dropped from 50 percent to 15 percent. Standing on Semmelweis ‘ shoulders, Dr. Lister became the father of antiseptic surgery.

BottleFew people today know who Ignaz Semmelweis was. But Joseph Lister was celebrated a few years later by a chemist, and you pay homage to him every time you gargle.

Semmelweis had one plea that went unheeded for years: “Wash.” It’s a plea that still goes unheeded—but in a whole different sense. We live in a culture that dismisses sin. “Hey, it’s not a sin to me.” Yet we ignore the result of our sin—death—even though Jesus offers a remedy: Wash.

  • “He saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5).
  • “If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin” (1 John 1:7).

I’m glad you wash your hands. But look to Jesus for a cleansing that truly saves you from death.

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